Consonants 2

Klamath Tribes Language Project

waq dal ?i gee ?ewksiknii ?elGank

How do you say that in Klamath?

Consonants

Consonants Part II: Aspirated Stop Consonants The sounds represented by p, t, c, k are produced with a special puff of breath. This should provide no trouble since English p, t, and k are also aspirated as this characteristic is called. Klamath c varies between an English ch and ts sound. The letter q is pronounced far back in the throat. It is the aspirated equivalent of G.

p

popas = catail

ptisap = father

t

toGi = horn, antler

taabi = last, finally

c

cwa = poptato

ceelis = porcupine

k

kani = who

kolsam = badgers (home)

q

qeemat = black

qaqaac =tripe

Speakers of English usually find it difficult to distinguish aspirated from unaspirated stops when they follow an s sound. Listen for the way the Klamath pronounce the following.

sb

sbokl’is = sweathouse

sp

spinoo = grave

sd

sdaa = full

st

stinta = love

sj

sjimta = can’t believe it

sc

sciqtGis = bridle

sg

sbe?i = buy

sk

skoda = cover up

sG

sGena = canoe away

sq

sqol’e = meadowlark