We are looking at suffixes. Specifically verbal suffixes. Today we will look at another. The suffix -opka can mean want to (whatever the verb meaning is). ni panopka. I want to eat. ni ambo bonwopka. I want to drink water ni plaikni genopka. I want to go to Sprague River.
Today we will look at one of the easiest suffixes to learn. This suffix is: -yega. It is also one of the few suffixes with a Modoc counterpart. The Modoc version of this suffix is: -tampka. They both express the meaning of: begin or start -whatever the verb action is. This is a verbal suffix […]
Today we are going to examine the third participle. This participle is also made with a suffix. It is the suffix -ok. A good translation for this is: because of + verm meaning+ ing. It can not take a subject, but often takes an object. It is a verbal suffix. Some examples are: yulalona genok, ni […]
Yesterday we looked at the -ota suffix with its two actions in this sentence happening at the same time. Today we will look at the Gerund which has as its second verbal action one that occurs before the verbal action of the main verb. The Gerund has as its verbal suffix -ank. It is not […]
There are several very interesting verbal forms. By verbal, I mean they are not full verbs that can take subjects and yet they express verbal concepts. Today we will look at one such form. The first form is : ota. It is a verb suffix that expresses a verbal action that happens at the same time as […]
Yesterday we started our look at the nouns that are converted into a verb with the suffix -la. We are going to take a closer look at a few of these verbs. The verbs we look at today can be used in everyday life. These verbs are : wekala=to give birth ona hot wekala. Yesterday […]
We have looked at adjectives for some time. Let’s go to nouns. Particularly nouns that become verbs. We already know iwamla. This is the noun iwam=huckleberry with the suffix -la which turns it into the verb which means: to collect or gather huckleberries. This suffix can be used on most foods that people gather: fruits, […]
I thought that before we move on to another topic, it would be a good idea to have a review of what we know or can do with these adjectives. We can make nouns of them. 1. loslosli=warmth The noun would be losloslis=warmth losloslis loloksam mo dic gi. The warmth of a fire is very […]
We have been looking at colors recently. I thought it would be interesting to look at repeating adjective that do not describe colors. However, they behave like colors in that they too have repeating syllables. 1. loslosli=warm 2. liclicli=strong 3. limlimli=dark colored, of people having a dark complexion 4. gemgemli=calm, quiet 5. cakcakli=pointed, sharp 6. […]
We are going to make a change of topic for a bit. We are going to look at colors. Remember, Klamath is a language of suffixes and prefixes. So, there are a couple suffixes and one prefix we will look at. 1. -tgi= makes the color (an adjective) a verb. hot gos taktgi. That tree […]
I often say that Klamath is a language of suffixes. The process of adding suffixes to verbs and nouns is highly developed in Klamath. Adding suffixes and being able to identify them is a skill that everyone needs to learn. There are even a few prefixes that we need to work on. I am going […]
Starting today we will have a separate email for Reclaiming Your Language. We will be examining new verbs, making nouns from them and making as many different sentences as possible. That means we will be using as many suffixes as we can. I seem to remember sending out the list of suffixes. If not, I can do it again.
We will start with 10 verbs and see how it goes.
1. lbena=to dig 6. lolwa=to sleep outdoors
2. lbuka=to exist, be alive 7. luyega=to lift up
3. ledsha=to knit 8. haspa=to feed
4. le-ola=to be lost, to wander 9. masa=to taste, to be sick
5. lokanka=to be lost, to wander 10. macatka=to pay attention, to listen
Do you remember how to make nouns?
1st noun= add the suffix is. It means the person doing the action of the verb or the action itself.
2nd noun= add the suffix -as. Generally this means: verb + ing. It can also be another form of the noun.
3rd noun=add the suffix -otkis. This is the tool or instrument used to do the action of the verb. This noun is a group of nouns. i.e. sle-otkis=telescope, pair of glasses, microscope, magnifying glass. Other I am sure.