Yesterday I mentioned that I would discuss another meaning for the -is suffix. If I move on without doing that, it will be a long time before I can come back to it. So I will do it now.
The -is suffix (1st noun) can mean a concrete meaning for the verb it comes from.
example: gattka is the verb that means “cold.”
ni gattka. I am cold.
This can also mean: the cold.
ni loldam gattkis dicewa. I enjoy the winter cold.
I will give some examples of this other meaning of the 1st noun.
1. aniga=order or advise someone
anigis is the 1st noun of this verb. It means: the person who gives advice or the one who gives an order. Or, it can mean the advice or the order.
i nis dic anigis sewana. __________________________________.
2. e-alga=to read
e-algis is the 1st noun of this verb. It can mean: a reader or it can mean the thing that is read.
ni e-algis gi. ____________________________.
3. ena=to carry
enis is the 1st noun of this verb. It can mean the person who carries something or the thing carried-a burden.
hot enis ena. _______________________________________.
4. gakwa=to cross
gakwis can mean the person who crosses or the place crossed-or ford.
ni plaikni goge gakwis gena. _______________________________________.
5. gulindsa=to go down into
gulindsis can mean the person who goes down into a place or it can mean the place someone went down into.
ni gulindsis gi. _________________________________________________________.